Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of expression, freedom of expression, and press freedom.
Cyber media has a special character that requires guidance so that its management can be implemented professionally, fulfill its functions, rights and obligations according to Law Number 40 Year 1999 about Press and Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council, together with press organizations, cyber media managers, and the public, compiled the Siber Media Coverage Guidelines as follows:
a. Siber Media is any media that uses the internet and conducts journalistic activities, and complies with the requirements of Press Law and the Press Company Standard set by the Press Council.
b. User Generated Content is any content created and / or published by users of cyber media, among others, articles, pictures, comments, sounds, videos and various forms of uploads attached to siber media, such as blogs, forums, reader comments or audiences, and other forms.
2. Verification and balance of news
a. In principle every news must be verified.
b. News that can harm others requires verification on the same news to meet the principles of accuracy and balance.
c. The provisions in item (a) above are exempted, provided that:
1) The news really contains an urgent public interest;
2) The first source of news is a source clearly identified, credible and competent;
3) The subject of news to be confirmed is not known to exist and or can not be interviewed;
4) The media provide explanations to the reader that the news still requires further verification attempted in the soonest possible time. The explanation is posted at the end of the same news, in parentheses and using italics.
d. After loading the news according to item (c), the media shall continue verification efforts, and once verification is obtained, the verification results shall be posted on update news with links to unverified news.
3. User Generated Content (User Generated Content)
a. The cyber media shall state the terms and conditions of User Defined Content which is not contradictory to Law no. 40 of 1999 on the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics, which are placed clearly and clearly.
b. Cyber media requires each user to register for membership and log-in first to be able to publish all forms of User Defined Content. Provisions on log-in will be further arranged.
c. In such registration, cyber media requires the user to give written consent that the published User Defined Content:
1) Does not contain lies, slander, sadism and obscenity;
2) Not containing content containing prejudice and hatred related to tribe, religion, race and intergroup (SARA), and advocating violence;
3) Does not contain discriminatory content on the basis of sex and language differences, and does not undermine the dignity of the weak, poor, sick, mentally disabled, or physically disabled.
d. Cyber media has absolute authority to edit or delete the User Defined Content as opposed to item (c).
e. Cyber media is obliged to provide a complaint mechanism of User Defined Content which is considered to violate the provisions in item (c). Such mechanisms should be provided in a place that is easily accessible to the user.
f. Cyber-media is required to edit, delete, and perform corrective actions of any User Defined Content that is reported and violates the provisions of point (c), as soon as possible proportionally no later than 2 x 24 hours after receipt of the complaint.
g. The cyber medium that has complied with the provisions of (a), (b), (c), and (f) shall not be liable for any problems arising from the loading of contents violating the provisions of point (c).
h. The cyber media is responsible for User Defined Content reported when not taking corrective action after the time limit as specified in item (f).
Correction, and Right of Reply
a. Correction, correction, and right of reply refers to the Press Law, the Journalistic Code of Ethics, and the Guidelines on the Right of Reply set by the Press Council.
b. Correction, correction and / or right of reply shall be linked to the rectified, corrected or assigned message.
c. In every report of correction, correction, and right of reply shall state the time of loading of correction, correction, and / or right of reply.
d. When a certain cyber media news is disseminated by other cyber media, then:
1) The responsibility of cyberspace news media is limited to news published in such cyber media or cyber media under its technical authority;
2) Correction of the news made by a cyber media, must also be done by other cyber media that cites news from the corrected cyber media;
3) Media which disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news according to the cyber media of the owner and / or newsmaker, is solely responsible for all legal consequences of the un-corrected news.
e. In accordance with the Press Law, cyber media that does not serve the right of reply may be subject to a criminal sanction of a fine of up to Rp500,000,000 (five hundred million rupiah).
5. Revocation of News
a. Published news can not be revoked for reasons of censorship from outside editors, except on issues related to ethnicity, ethics, the future of the child, victims’ traumatic experiences or other special considerations established by the Press Council.
b. Other cyber media are required to follow the revocation of news quotes from the originating media that has been revoked.
c. Revocation of the news shall be accompanied by reason of revocation and announced to the public.
a. Cyber media must clearly distinguish between news products and advertising.
b. Any news / articles / contents constituting advertisements and / or paid content shall include an ‘advertorial’, ‘advertising’, ‘ads’, ‘sponsored’ information, or any other words explaining that the article / article / content is an advertisement.
Cyber media must respect copyright as regulated in applicable laws and regulations.
8. Inclusion of Guidelines
Cyber-media must include this Cyber Media Coverage Guidelines in its medium in a clear and clear fashion.
The final assessment of the dispute concerning the implementation of the Siber Media Coverage Guidelines was finalized by the Press Council.
Jakarta, February 3, 2012 (This Manual is signed by the Press Council and the press community in Jakarta, 3 February 2012).